Arthur O. Lovejoy


Arthur O. Lovejoy

Arthur O. Lovejoy

Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (10 de octubre de 1873, Berlín - 30 de diciembre de 1962, Baltimore) fue un filósofo e historiador intelectual estadounidense muy influyente, fundador del campo conocido con el nombre de historia de las ideas.

Lovejoy nació en Berlín, Alemania, donde su padre realizaba investigación médica. Dieciocho meses después, su madre cometió suicidio, y a partir de entonces su padre dejó la medicina y se volvió sacerdote. Lovejoy estudió filosofía, primero en la Universidad de California, luego en Harvard bajo la tutela de William James y Josiah Royce. En 1901 renunció a su primer trabajo en la Universidad de Stanford, en protesta contra el despido de un colega que había ofendido a uno de los financiadores. El presidente de la universidad lo vetó a partir de entonces, y prohibió que se le contratara nuevamente, argumentando que se trataba de una persona conflictiva. Durante la década siguiente dio clases en la Universidad de Washington, en la Universidad de Columbia y en la Universidad de Missouri. Nunca se casó.

Como profesor de filosofía en la Johns Hopkins University de 1910 a 1938, Lovejoy funda y preside por muchos años el "Club de Historia de Ideas de la Universidad", where many prominent and budding intellectual and social historians, as well as literary critics, gathered. In 1940, he founded the Journal of the History of Ideas. Lovejoy insisted that the history of ideas should focus on "unit ideas," single concepts (often with a one-word name), and study how unit ideas combine and recombine with each other over time.

In the domain of epistemology, Lovejoy is remembered for an influential critique of the pragmatic movement, especially in the essay Thirteen Pragmatisms.

Lovejoy was active in the public arena. He helped found the American Association of University Professors and the Maryland chapter of the American Civil Liberties Union. However, he qualified his belief in civil liberties to exclude overriding threats to a free system. At the height of the McCarthy Era (in the February 14, 1952 edition of the Journal of Philosophy) Lovejoy stated that, since it was a "matter of empirical fact" that membership in the Communist Party contributed "to the triumph of a world-wide organization" which was opposed to "freedom of inquiry, of opinion and of teaching," membership in the party constituted grounds for dismissal from academic positions. He also published numerous opinion pieces in the Baltimore press.

Libros

  • Primitivism and Related Ideas in Antiquity (1935). (with George Boas). Johns Hopkins U. Press. 1997 edition: ISBN 0-8018-5611-6
  • The Great Chain of Being: A Study of the History of an Idea (1936). Harvard University Press. Reprinted by Harper & Row, ISBN 0-674-36150-4, 2005 paperback: ISBN 0-674-36153-9. His most cited work, based on his 1933 William James Lectures at Harvard.
  • Essays in the History of Ideas (1948). Johns Hopkins U. Press. 1978 edition: ISBN 0-313-20504-3
  • The Revolt Against Dualism (1960). Open Court Publishing. ISBN 0-87548-107-8. This is largely a critique of the new realism of his day.
  • Reflections on Human Nature (1961). Johns Hopkins U. Press. ISBN 0-8018-0395-0

Enlaces externos

Obtenido de "Arthur O. Lovejoy"

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Mira otros diccionarios:

  • Arthur O. Lovejoy — Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (* 10. Oktober 1873 in Berlin ; † 30. Dezember 1962 in Baltimore, Maryland) war ein einflussreicher Historiker und Literaturwissenschaftler. Lovejoy gilt als der Begründer der Ideengeschichte. Als Geschichtsprofessor an …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Arthur Oncken Lovejoy — (October 10, 1873, Berlin ndash; December 30, 1962, Baltimore) was an influential American philosopher and intellectual historian, who founded the field known as the history of ideas. Lovejoy was born in Berlin, Germany while his father was doing …   Wikipedia

  • Lovejoy (disambiguation) — Lovejoy is a British television series starring Ian McShane.Lovejoy may also refer to: *Lovejoy, Georgia *Brooklyn, Illinois, popularly known as Lovejoy *Comet Lovejoy, a newly found cometPeople with the surname Lovejoy* Arthur Oncken Lovejoy,… …   Wikipedia

  • Lovejoy (name) — Lovejoy is a surname.People named Lovejoy*Arthur Oncken Lovejoy, professor at Johns Hopkins University *Asa Lovejoy, founder of Portland, Oregon *Battle of Lovejoy s Station of the American Civil War *Elijah P. Lovejoy, journalist and… …   Wikipedia

  • Lovejoy (Begriffsklärung) — Lovejoy ist der Name des Protagonisten in den Kriminalromanen von John Grant, siehe Lovejoy und ist der Name von folgenden Personen Arthur O. Lovejoy (1873–1962), Historiker Asa Lovejoy (1808–1882), US amerikanischer Politiker Ben Lovejoy (*… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lovejoy — puede hacer referencia a: Cometa Lovejoy, un cometa recientemente encontrado. Lovejoy, municipio en Georgia (Estados Unidos). Lovejoy, serie británica (1986 1994). Arthur O. Lovejoy (1873 1962), filósofo e historiado estadounidense. Thomas… …   Wikipedia Español

  • Arthur Lovejoy — Arthur Oncken Lovejoy (10 octobre 1873 ; 30 décembre 1962) est un philosophe américain et un des fondateurs d un domaine transversal en histoire appelé histoire des idées. Il a enseigné la philosophie à l université Johns Hopkins à Baltimore …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Lovejoy, Arthur O. — ▪ American philosopher in full  Arthur Oncken Lovejoy   born Oct. 10, 1873, Berlin, Ger. died Dec. 30, 1962, Baltimore, Md., U.S.       American philosopher best known for his work on the history of ideas and theory of knowledge.       The son of …   Universalium

  • Arthur Hays Sulzberger — (September 12, 1891 December 11, 1968) was the publisher of The New York Times from 1935 to 1961. During that time, daily circulation rose from 465,000 to 713,000 and Sunday circulation from 745,000 to 1.4 million; the staff more than doubled,… …   Wikipedia

  • LOVEJOY, Arthur Oncken — (1873 1962)    American philosopher and historian of ideas who argued in favor of DUALISM. His major works are Revolt Against Dualism (1930) and The Great Chain of Being (1936) …   Concise dictionary of Religion


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